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ENVIRONMENT

 

 

 

The man has always been producing wastes. The type of wastes was changing through the ages. At the beginning these were the leftovers and non-edible parts of hunted animals, ashes from the bonfire, damaged tools and clothing residues etc. The development of civilization, growing pace of life and vast availability of products in stores, combined with non-ecological approach of manufacturers to, for example, the issue of packaging, are the reasons for which every one of us comes in possession of more and more items, which become useless after certain time, turning into waste in a blink of an eye, and later on, a problem.

The growth of civilization was accompanied by people starting to gather in growing agglomerations. With lapse of time this gave rise to the cities of today. It was the time when the first problems with waste storage occurred. What was not a problem in case of a small family living in a rural area became a great problem in the agglomeration of hundreds or even thousands of such families – a city. In the rural areas natural waste management has been prevailing from dawn of history – the products that can be used for the second time, should be reused, the products that can be processed into compost should be composted, the products which can be safely burnt in the kitchen stove should be burnt, with the entire rest that should be buried behind the house. This model of waste management still prevails in the rural areas and in the suburbs of our towns and cities – that is why we should not be astonished to learn that, in the light of statistical data in Poland, from not long ago, there were communes that officially did not produce any waste. Growing density of population in the cities turned this method of waste management impracticable. So, what happens now to the rubbish produced by us?

Great majority of waste is deposited in the sites destined for this purpose, i.e. landfills. Sites for safe waste depostion should be located and designed in compliance with the regulations of law. That is not an easy task. Not only does such landfill require an underlying natural geological barrier of certain thickness in form of low permeability clays, but it must be lined with a virtually impermeable synthetic geomembrane, which prevents waste effluents from penetrating the subsoil underneath. All this is done for one purpose, that is to ensure the minimum possible impact on the environment. At the same time, these are typically facilities of very large area and capacity, with operating time lasting for several decades. In case of a landfill, proper management does not cease at the end of the operational phase. It actually extends many years after the end of waste reception. As a rule, landfill should be returned to the environment after its operation and reclamation has been completed, becoming an element of the surrounding landscape with no unfavourable impact on the ecosystem. Achieving this goal is expensive as it requires considerable financial outlays for using appropriate technology and for continuous monitoring of the quality of the environment.

Considerable proportion of wastes, however, is still deposited in unofficial and hence uncontrolled landfills that pose huge risk to the environment. Only monitored and controlled facilities, equipped and operated to the highest industry standards, ensure safe waste management and disposal. We are proud to say that sites managed by Amest Capital Group fulfil these criteria.

The requirements pertaining to landfills and waste storage have been formulated both in the Law – Building Law and in the Law of April 27, 2001 – Environmental Protection Law (the Journal of Laws No. 62, item 627 as amended), in the Law on Waste (among others in the Section 7 "Waste Storage and Deposition") and in the decrees issued on the grounds of authorizations contained in the above mentioned laws, and first of all in:

  • Regulation of the Minister of Environment of March 24, 2003 on detailed requirements regarding the location, construction, use and closing up of various types of landfills (the Journal of Laws No. 61, item 549) – issued on the grounds of Art. 50 subpar, 2, which came into force as from April 25, 2003,
  • Regulation of the Minister of Environment of December 9, 2002 on the scope, time, way and conditions of carrying out the monitoring of waste dump sites (the Journal of Laws No. 220, item 1858) – issued on the grounds of Art. 60, which came into force as from January 3, 2003,
  • Regulation of the Minister of Economy of October 30, 2002 on types of waste that can be stored in combined (non-selective) way (the Journal of Laws No. 191, item 1595) – issued on the grounds of Art. 55 subpar. 5, which came into force as from November 18, 2002,
  • Regulation of the Minister of Economy and Labour of September 7, 2005 on criteria and procedures of admitting the waste to storage of a given type of waste in the landfills (the Journal of Law No. 186, item 1553) – issued on the grounds of Art. 55 subpar. 3, which came into force as from October 13, 2005.